Green Biotechnology and Climate Change

19.09.2011

 

Green Biotechnology and Climate Change

What role is green biotechnology playing in helping to fight climate change? How will that role evolve in future? Whilst not an exhaustive overview of these issues, this document illustrates the benefits that green biotechnology can have in the areas of greenhouse gas reduction, crop adaptation to climate change and dealing with the twin issues of climate change and population growth.

Essential fact: GM crops can, and already do, contribute positively by reducing CO2 emissions and mitigating the impact of climate change on food security. This contribution will increase as their cultivation is more widely adopted in Europe and around the world.

Climate change – a clear and present danger

Climate change threatens all elements essential for life: water, food, health, land and the environment. The 2006 report1 by economist, Nicholas Stern, commissioned by the UK government, warned that temperatures could increase by 2 to 3 degrees in the next fifty years, and, if nothing is done, by as much as 5 to 8 degrees by the end of the century - a catastrophic scenario.