How does the EU assess the safety of GM crops, food and feed?
All GM plants used for food or food ingredients, feed, fibre and fuel must undergo a rigorous review of their safety as part of the authorisation procedure before they can be put on the market. In the EU, this task is carried out by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), whose panel of independent scientific experts cooperates closely with national authorities on food safety. Only products that have been deemed safe are allowed to reach the market. The safety of GM crops is deemed on two levels: the way they are produced and their specific new characteristics resulting from genetic modification. The goal is to ensure that the GM product is safe and does not harm humans, animals or the environment.