Importing GM soybeans or expanding European cultivation of grain legumes: which is more sustainable?
The European Union’s high dependence on soy imports as a source of animal protein feed is facing increasing resistance. One aspect of the criticism levelled against soy imports is the negative public attitude towards GM soy beans and meal, which make up over 90 per cent of imported soy. In current political debates there are therefore calls to replace GM soy imports by expanding European cultivation of grain legumes. According to calculations by OVID, the German oil seed processors’ association, this would have disastrous effects: the EU would produce less wheat and take up more agricultural land outside of the EU in order to meet its demands.