Which GM crops can be cultivated in the EU?

As of 2012, just two GM crops have been approved for cultivation in Europe.

  1. The more widely grown of the two, MON810, is a type of maize that helps fight off pests, such as the European corn borer. 
  2. The second approved product is a potato for industrial use called Amflora, approved in 2010. Its waxy starch content is useful for making paper, for example. 

Several member states have issued (legally questionable) bans on cultivation of one or both of these crops approved at EU level.