Which GMOs can be cultivated in the EU?

Currently only one crop is approved for cultivation in the EU: MON810, a type of maize that helps fight off pests such as the European corn borer. It is cultivated in Europe since 1998, on approximately 150,000 hectares, mainly in Spain, but also in Portugal, Czech Republic, Romania and Slovakia. EU cultivation of GMOs is much less than 1% of global GMO cultivation (GMOs are cultivated globally on over 180 million hectares).

In April 2015 the EU adopted a legislation allowing Member States to opt-out from cultivation of safe, EU-approved GMOs, on the basis of non-scientific grounds (Directive 2015/412). As of today, 19 Member States and 4 regions opted-out from GMO cultivation.