Genome editing tools enable precise changes to the genome of an organism. Applied worldwide by researchers in academia, public institutions, and industry, these innovations represent a promising next step towards beneficial uses in medicine, agriculture and the bio-economy aimed at addressing some of society’s grand challenges. Check out our ‘What if’ series that explores precisely how genome editing can help tackle these challenges. In the EU, many of these beneficial uses are unlikely to find a path to the market, unless the current regulatory framework is modernised. This section offers you more information on genome editing and the EU policy debate.